What is Chinese patent medicine
Chinese patent medicine is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine preparation approved by the State Drug Supervision and administration department. It is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine preparation with Chinese medicine as the raw material, under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine theory, in order to prevent and treat diseases, according to the prescribed prescription and preparation process. Therefore, Chinese patent medicine for clinical application should not only have the corresponding drug name, usage and dosage, specifications and specific quality standards and test methods, but also have exact curative effect, clear application scope, application taboos and precautions.
Nomenclature of Chinese patent medicines
The nomenclature of Chinese patent medicine basically follows the traditional prescription nomenclature, that is, the nomenclature of each kind of Chinese herbal medicine, Chinese herbal decoction pieces and Chinese medicine extract titles is composed of two parts, which embody the characteristics of the prescription and indicate the dosage form. Because of the long history of Chinese patent medicine, the characteristics of the prescription are various and complex. The people who make the prescription name tend to start from their own point of view, so the naming method of Chinese patent medicine is diverse.
1. It is named after the source of the prescription. According to the original re book of the prescription, we can know the source of the prescription, such as Niuhuang Qingxin pill (from Taiping Huimin Heji prescription) and Jinkui Shenqi Pill (derived from Zhang Zhongjing’s synopsis of the Golden Chamber).
2. For example, Liuwei Dihuang pill is composed of six drugs mainly composed of Rehmannia glutinosa, Erdong ointment is composed of asparagus and Ophiopogon japonicus. If the prescription is simple, it is directly composed of Cizhu pill, Banlangen Granule, Yinhuang Oral Liquid, etc.; it is named after the names of main drugs, such as Liangfu pill, Shenqi Pill, Dinggui powder, etc. For example, Liuyi powder consists of 6 parts of talc and 1 part of licorice.
3. Named after the efficacy of Chinese patent medicine, rulizhong pill refers to its ability to regulate the middle energizer. Yangxue Anshen syrup refers to its effect of nourishing blood and calming nerves.
4. According to the composition and efficacy of the prescription, the main drugs were used together with the efficacy. For example, Yinqiao Jiedu Tablets were mainly composed of honeysuckle and forsythia, which had the function of dispersing wind and relieving exterior; Aifu Nuangong pill was mainly composed of Folium Artemisiae argyi and Rhizoma Cyperi, which could warm the uterus.
5. It is named after the characteristics of Chinese patent medicine, such as Yunnan Baiyao, which is white powder; zixuedan is like frost and purple.
5. In order to facilitate clinical use and patient selection, a large number of newly developed pharmaceutical products mostly adopt the name of treatment disease directly.
6. They are named after the main components of Chinese patent medicines, such as gypenosides capsules, gypenosides tablets, etc.
7. Named after the processing method, administration method and dosage, the dosage named such as shidishui and jiudisperse refers to the commonly used dosage for one time, and reminds patients to pay attention to the dosage, which often contains highly toxic ingredients; the processing methods such as Shihui powder, Jiuzhi Dahuang pill, etc. Methods of administration were named as Zhuhuang chuhou powder, Chuanxiong Cha Tiao San, etc.
Dosage forms of Chinese patent medicines
Dosage forms are different forms of administration prepared to meet the needs of diagnosis, treatment or prevention of diseases, and are also the final form of clinical use. Drugs must be given to the human body in a certain dosage form to give full play to the curative effect. A drug can be prepared into multiple dosage forms, but different dosage forms and routes of administration may produce different curative effects. The common dosage forms are injection, oral liquid (solution, suspension, emulsion), oral solid (powder, capsule, tablet, pill), etc.
Characteristics of Chinese patent medicines
It has the characteristics of stable nature, exact curative effect, relatively small side effects, convenient taking, carrying, storage and storage.
Guidance on the use of Chinese patent medicines
1. Check the type and quantity of drugs with patients, define the usage and dosage of drugs, such as medication time and interval according to the prescription. For special dosage forms, such as suppository, eye drops, ointment, etc., the use method shall be specified.
2. Explain the contraindications and precautions of Chinese patent medicine to patients.
3. In case of combined medication, explain to the patients the problems needing attention in the combined medication, such as Chinese patent medicine and Western medicine, which should be taken at an interval of about half an hour.
4. If there are special stored drugs, remind patients to store them as required.
5. For special groups, such as allergic constitution and pregnant women, we should inquire about medication history, allergy history and other relevant information in order to avoid drug injury.
6. If there is any consultation on drug efficacy, drug quality, adverse reactions, etc., we should try our best to answer. If we are not sure, we should make a detailed investigation and reply afterwards.